Quadriplegia is the inability to move and/or feel both arms, both legs and generally any area below the shoulders or neck. A quadriplegic will likely require equipment to assist with basic respiratory and bowel functions. Paraplegia is the inability to move both legs and generally any area from the waist down. Usually, a paraplegic only needs equipment to help with bowel functions. In both cases, the damage to the spinal cord may not be complete, meaning that although the person is paralyzed, there is still some feeling and movement in their limbs.
Common causes for these conditions include sports, especially diving, car accidents and physical violence. Quadriplegia and paraplegia are distinguished from other spinal cord injuries in that the signal from the brain to the limbs is either completely halted or almost entirely halted.
Medication such as steroids, physical therapy and even surgery can help, but most quadriplegics and paraplegics never make a full recovery and will require medical assistance for the rest of their lives.
If you have suffered from either of these conditions, please consult a personal injury lawyer in your area. Your injuries are serious and you need a personal injury lawyer to give your case the appropriate care and attention. You are likely facing a lifetime of treatment and deserve significant compensation. Your personal injury lawyer can help secure that for you.